Geomechanics is a cross-functional discipline that allows increasing the efficiency of geological exploration and drilling of complex high-tech wells and helps optimize the oil influx enhancement operations.
In 2015, Gazprom Neft's Science and Technology Center opened a geomechanical modeling unit that was the first of the kind among all Russian oil companies at that time. Today, STC is the largest national center of competence in this discipline.
Geomechanics includes several areas of expertise, including mechanics, hydrodynamics, geophysics, geology, seismic studies and drilling. The discipline allows forecasting a formation’s response to external mechanical stimuli, for example, in the course of deposit accumulation, drilling or hydraulic fracturing. The forecast involves modeling of formation’s evolution and a study of its fractures and faults. Acquired information helps understand what kind of tectonic forces affect the rock from the inside and how these forces will influence the field development process. Thanks to these studies, STC engineers can build more accurate geomechanical models and choose optimal field development scenarios.
STC’s academic partners in geomechanics include Center for Engineering and Technology at Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, Novosibirsk State University, Tomsk Polytechnic University, Lavrentiev Hydrodynamics Institute and St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, as well as the laboratory of the Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of Sciences.